By Krista Ratcliffe
One of the few authors to outline and concentrate on feminist theories of rhetoric, Krista Ratcliffe takes Bathsheba s quandary as her controlling metaphor: "I have the sentiments of a woman," says Bathsheba Everdene in Hardy s "Far from the Madding Crowd, ""but purely the language of men."
Although men and women have diversified relationships to language and to one another, conventional theories of rhetoric don't foreground such gender ameliorations, Ratcliffe notes. She argues that feminist theories of rhetoric are wanted if we're to acknowledge, validate, and deal with Bathsheba s challenge.
Ratcliffe argues that simply because feminists quite often haven't conceptualized their language theories from the viewpoint of rhetoric and composition experiences, rhetoric and composition students needs to build feminist theories of rhetoric through applying numerous interwoven options: recuperating misplaced or marginalized texts; rereading conventional rhetoric texts; extrapolating rhetorical theories from such nonrhetoric texts as letters, diaries, essays, cookbooks, and different assets; and developing their very own theories of rhetoric.
Focusing at the 3rd alternative, Ratcliffe explores ways that the rhetorical theories of Virginia Woolf, Mary Daly, and Adrienne wealthy should be extrapolated from their Anglo-American feminist texts via exam of the interrelationship among what those authors write and the way they write. In different phrases, she extrapolates feminist theories of rhetoric from interwoven claims and textual techniques.
By inviting Woolf, Daly, and wealthy into the rhetorical traditions and by means of modeling the extrapolation strategy/methodology on their writings, Ratcliffe indicates how feminist texts approximately girls, language, and tradition could be reread from the vantage aspect of rhetoric to build feminist theories of rhetoric. She rereads Anglo-American feminist texts either to reveal their white privilege and to rescue them from fees of naivete and essentialism. She additionally outlines the pedagogical implications of those 3 feminist theories of rhetoric, hence contributing to ongoing discussions of feminist pedagogies.
Traditional rhetorical theories are gender-blind, ignoring the truth that girls and males occupy diverse cultural areas and that those areas are additional complex by way of race and sophistication, Ratcliffe explains. Arguing that matters similar to who can speak, the place you'll be able to speak, and the way one could speak emerge in everyday life yet are frequently ignored in rhetorical theories, Ratcliffe rereads Roland Barthes "The outdated Rhetoric" to teach the constraints of classical rhetorical theories for girls and feminists. researching areas for feminist theories of rhetoric within the rhetorical traditions, Ratcliffe invitations readers not just to question how ladies were situated as part of and except those traditions but in addition to discover the results for rhetorical historical past, thought, and pedagogy.
In extrapolating rhetorical theories from 3 feminist writers no longer more often than not thought of rhetoricians, Ratcliffe creates a brand new version for studying ladies s paintings. She situates the rhetorical theories of Woolf, Daly, and wealthy inside of present discussions approximately feminist pedagogy, really the interweavings of serious considering, interpreting, and writing. Ratcliffe concludes with an program to instructing.