Download E-books Influence of Climate Change on the Changing Arctic and Sub-Arctic Conditions PDF

By Jacques C.J. Nihoul, Jacques C.J. Nihoul, Andrey G. Kostianoy

The present warming traits within the Arctic could shove the Arctic procedure right into a seasonally ice-free nation now not obvious for a couple of million years. The melting is accelerating, and researchers have been not able to spot usual methods that may gradual the deicing of the Arctic. Such giant extra melting of Arctic and Antarctic glaciers and ice sheets may bring up the ocean point around the globe, flooding the coastal components the place a number of the international s inhabitants lives. experiences, led by way of scientists on the nationwide heart for Atmospheric study (NCAR) and the collage of Arizona, convey that greenhouse gasoline raises over the subsequent century may hot the Arctic by means of 3-5°C in summertime. therefore, Arctic summers by means of 2100 will be as hot as they have been approximately 130,000 years in the past, while sea degrees finally rose as much as 6 m better than today.

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Download E-books From Squaw Tit to Whorehouse Meadow: How Maps Name, Claim, and Inflame PDF

By Mark Monmonier

Brassiere Hills, Alaska. Mollys Nipple, Utah. Outhouse Draw, Nevada. within the early 20th century, it used to be universal for cities and geographical good points to have salacious, bawdy, or even derogatory names. within the age prior to political correctness, mapmakers quite simply authorised any neighborhood choice for position names, prizing actual illustration over criteria of decorum. therefore, summits resembling Squaw Tit—which towered above valleys in Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and California—found their means into the cartographic annals. Later, while sanctions prohibited neighborhood use of racially, ethnically, and scatalogically offensive toponyms, city names like japanese Valley, California, have been erased from the nationwide and cultural map forever. 

From Squaw Tit to Whorehouse Meadow probes this little-known bankruptcy in American cartographic historical past by way of contemplating the intersecting efforts to computerize mapmaking, standardize geographic names, and reply to public predicament over ethnically offensive appellations. Interweaving cartographic heritage with stories of politics and tool, celebrated geographer Mark Monmonier locates his tale in the prior and current struggles of mapmakers to create an orderly procedure for naming that avoids confusion, preserves historical past, and serves diversified political goals. Anchored through a various choice of naming controversies—in the USA, Canada, Cyprus, Israel, Palestine, and Antarctica; at the ocean ground and the skin of the moon; and in different elements of our sun system—From Squaw Tit to Whorehouse Meadow richly unearths the map’s position as a mediated portrait of the cultural panorama. and in contrast to different books that reflect on position names, this is often the 1st to mirror on either the true cartographic and political imbroglios they engender. 

From Squaw Tit to Whorehouse Meadow is Mark Monmonier at his most interesting: a discovered research of a well timed and arguable topic rendered accessible—and even entertaining—to the overall reader.

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Download E-books Ocean Weather Forecasting: An Integrated View of Oceanography PDF

This quantity covers quite a lot of themes and summarizes our current wisdom in ocean modeling, ocean looking at structures, and knowledge assimilation. the worldwide Ocean info Assimilation scan (GODAE) offers a framework for those efforts: a world method of observations, communications, modeling, and assimilation that would bring usual, entire info at the country of the oceans, engendering extensive software and availability for max gain to the community.

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Download E-books Rethinking Maps: New Frontiers in Cartographic Theory (Routledge Studies in Human Geography) PDF

By Martin Dodge, Rob Kitchin

Maps are altering. they've got develop into very important and stylish once again. Rethinking Maps brings jointly top researchers to discover how maps are being rethought, made and used, and what those adjustments suggest for operating cartographers, utilized mapping study, and cartographic scholarship. It bargains a latest evaluation of the various kinds that mapping now takes and, drawing upon a couple of theoretic views and disciplines, presents an insightful observation on new ontological and epistemological pondering with appreciate to cartography.

This ebook offers a various set of ways to quite a lot of map types and actions in what's shortly a speedily altering box. It employs a multi-disciplinary method of very important modern mapping practices, with chapters written by way of prime theorists who've a world acceptance for cutting edge considering. a lot of the hot learn round mapping is rising as severe discussion among perform and idea and this e-book has chapters all for intersections with play, race and cinema. different chapters speak about cartographic illustration, sustainable mapping and visible geographies. It additionally considers how substitute versions of map production and use corresponding to open-source mappings and map mash-up are being creatively explored via programmers, artists and activists. there's additionally an exam of the paintings of assorted ‘everyday mappers’ in different social and cultural contexts.

This combination of conceptual chapters and theoretically directed case experiences offers an exceptional source fitted to a wide spectrum of researchers, complex undergraduate and postgraduate scholars in human geography, GIScience and cartography, visible anthropology, media experiences, photograph layout and special effects. Rethinking Maps is an important and critical textual content for all these learning or having an curiosity in cartography.

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Download E-books Selling Destinations: Geography for the Travel Professional, 5th Edition PDF

By Marc Mancini

Promoting locations has been the trip professional's definitive consultant to matching tourists with the locations which are best for them. Informative and tightly prepared, the booklet is a visible encyclopedia, with thousands of maps, charts, and different illustrative fabrics. particular details on points of interest, weather, accommodation, and cultural styles in addition to pattern itineraries and profiles of average viewers to every vacation spot around out the insurance. New To This version: absolutely up-to-date and accelerated info on weather, modes of go back and forth, neighborhood customs, accommodation, itineraries, significant sights, and, in fact, revenues innovations.

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Download E-books Reflexive Cartography: A New Perspective in Mapping (Modern Cartography Series) PDF

Reflexive Cartography addresses the variation of cartography, together with its electronic types (GIS, WebGIS, PPGIS), to the altering wishes of society, and descriptions the experimental context aimed toward mapping a topological house. utilizing rigorous medical research according to assertion consistency, relevance of the proposals, and version accessibility, it charts the transition from topographical maps created via kingdom organizations to open mapping produced by means of citizens.

Adopting semiotic concept to discover the advanced communicative mechanisms of maps and to enquire their skill to provide their very own messages and new views, Reflexive Cartography outlines a shift in our approach of conceptualizing maps: from a plastic metaphor of truth, as they're usually thought of, to sturdy instruments that play the position of brokers, helping voters as they suspect and plan their very own residing position and make experience of the present world.

  • Applies various applied sciences to theoretical views on mapping to innovatively map the world’s geographic diversity
  • Features a multi-disciplinary standpoint that weaves jointly geography, the geosciences, and the social sciences via territorial representation
  • Authored and edited through of the world’s most well known cartographic specialists who mix greater than 60 years of expertise in examine and within the classroom
  • Presents more than 60 figures to underscore key concepts

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